Most Common Thyroid Issues (And What To Do About Them)

There are two basic kinds of thyroid issues: when your thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormone, called hypothyroidism, or when it produces too much hormone, called hyperthyroidism. 

There are several different conditions related to each type of problem, and the symptoms you experience depend largely on which type of problem you have. Here at the Montclair, New Jersey, office of Larisa Litvinova, MD, our team has the tools and expertise in holistic medicine to give you the best treatment for your whole body. If any of the symptoms below sound familiar, don’t worry - Dr. Litvinova is here to help you find relief from your thyroid issues.


Of the two different types of thyroid conditions, hypothyroidism is by far more common, with almost 5% of people in the United States having some form of it. 

The general name for inflammation of your thyroid gland is thyroiditis. There are several possible underlying causes of thyroiditis, but the result is swelling and potential damage to this critically important gland.

Some of the potential causes of thyroiditis include: 

Hashimoto’s disease

Another common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s disease. You may not have any symptoms when you have Hashimoto’s disease. Since your thyroid controls many of your body’s processes, some of the common symptoms are sometimes described as a slow-down in bodily functions. 

Symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease may include: 

In order to determine if you have hypothyroidism, Dr. Litvinova orders tests to measure how much thyroid-stimulating hormone (or TSH) your pituitary gland is releasing, as well as how much T4 and T3, your thyroid hormones, are in your system. If you have a high level of TSH and low levels of T4 and T3, you likely have hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is generally easy to treat. Synthetic thyroid hormones are easily available, and it’s usually not difficult to increase your levels to normal in order to manage your symptoms. 


When your body produces too much thyroid hormone, you have an overactive thyroid, or hyperthyroidism. About 1% of women have hyperthyroidism, and the condition is even less common among men.

Hyperthyroidism causes symptoms that may be described as a speeding up of some of your bodily processes. The symptoms may include: 

Graves’ disease

One of the more common causes of hyperthyroidism is a condition called Graves’ disease. Like Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder, and there’s no known cause. 

There are treatment options, however. Antithyroid medications, radioactive iodine, or surgery to remove part of your thyroid are all possible options that Dr. Litvinova may discuss with you. Often successful treatment of hyperthyroidism results in hypothyroidism, so you may end up being treated for hypothyroidism down the line. 

If you have questions about the health of your thyroid, book your appointment online or by calling Dr. Litvinova’s office today. Using her knowledge of holistic medicine, she evaluates your specific situation and makes treatment suggestions tailored to your own unique circumstances. 

If you think you may have thyroid issues, don’t wait any longer - reach out to us and we’ll help set you on the right path to treatment.

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